Soil temperature

Alternative definitions (3), class: vernacular (0)
Term: Soil temperature
Definition: Soil temperature measurements provide a climatology of soil thermal characteristics such as the depth of frost penetration into the soil and the duration that the soil remains frozen. It is of interest to hydrologists because it affects surface runoff, infiltration and snowmelt and to agriculturists because it affects seed germination. Measurements of soil temperature are made in accordance with the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) recommendations at the standard depths of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100, 150 and 300 cm. They are measured daily as close as possible to 08:00 LST and again at the shallowest depth at 16:00 LST.
Created 2022.03.08
Last Modified 2023.03.27
Contributed by GCW Glossary